Addiction Services

Do you wonder if you have a problem with Addiction? Take our Addiction Self-Test now


Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, memory, motivation and related circuitry.  Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations.  This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by the use of substances and other behaviors (from American Society of Addiction Medicine definition of Addiction)

Addiction is characterized by:

  1. inability to consistently Abstain
  2. impairment in Behavioral control
  3. Craving
  4. Diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behavior and interpersonal relationships and
  5. A dysfunctional Emotional response
    • Behaviours are NOT the disease nor do they cause the disease, they are SYMPTOMS of the disease
    • Behaviours can aggravate the disease or help lead to recovery!
    • Many healthcare providers and families believe that if behaviours are changed, the disease is fixed or cured
    • It is impossible to fix or cure the brain completely. Behavioural remission helps emotional, social, and spiritual growth if action is taken
    • As Addiction is rooted in the brain and there is a genetic predisposition, the disease exists from birth
    • Often parents will notice oddities or differences in children who later develop active Addiction: behavioural issues, conduct problems, obsession, rumination, emotional instability
    • How it manifests depends on environment, exposure to substance, trauma, stress, life events